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75th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Japan – events 7th to 9th August 2020

 

We aim to gather and share photos and ideally videos (in length between 20 and 60 seconds) of events on the 6th August for compiling and sharing out again, probably starting at the SCND meeting on the 9th August. So please send us yours to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Scottish CND will host an online event at 7 p.m. on the 9th of August. The focus will be on what we must do now to make the witness of the Hibakusha count in the campaign to eliminate nuclear weapons. On Nagasaki Day it is time to move from remembering to action to ensure that nuclear weapons are abolished and eliminated. Join Bill Kidd MSP and SCND Chair Lynn Jamieson and be part of the way forward. Access by https://global.gotomeeting.com/join/815877733

Linking to internationals via ICAN. Please ensure that you sign the pledge at the special ICAN anniversary page, rise.icanw.org to honour the Hibakusha, and check out loads of ideas and resources there. In particular, the stories from survivors of the attacks and an ICAN anniversary exhibition which you can download for use in your own locality.

Dunbar There will be a vigil service for Hiroshima and Nagasaki on Sunday 9th August at 2.30pm at the peace pole in the grounds of St. Anne’s Episcopal Church, Westport, Dunbar. To confirm this event call or email David Mumford in the week beginning 3rd August - 01368 840361 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Edinburgh Yes Hub 31 Lasswade Road, Edinburgh EH16 6TD will be hosting the ICAN 75th anniversary exhibition and will also be hosting a virtual meeting on the evening of the th August at 7 p.m.with the room open from 6.30 https://global.gotomeeting.com/join/737734253

Glasgow CND is asking members and supporters to put signs in windows during the period from 3rd to 9th August. These can be very simple home-made messages such as ‘Hiroshima No More - Scrap Trident’, ‘No More Hiroshimas – Ban Nuclear Weapons’ or ‘Nukes Nae More – Support the TPNW’.

At 2 p.m on Sunday 9th August, courtesy of Aberdeen CND and the Aberdeen Social Centre we are using their Zoom account which is much more secure. It will be the same as using the free version of ZOOM except that you join the meeting room first and the administrator grants you access to the meeting. You need to ask the administrator before you speak and before you can share your screen. If you are using a PC or laptop all you need to do is click on this link :

https://zoom.us/j/93369891504?pwd=ZzNFVGxQVCsxNEQxR1E1NlkwM2k1QT09

The meeting ID is 933 6989 1504 The passcode is 727325.

With David Kelly of Glasgow CND as Chair and our three excellent speakers - Professor Lynn Jamieson, Chair SCND; Eric Chester,Chair of the Scottish Peace Network; and Emma Cockburn, Scottish Campaign Organiser for C.A.A.T - it will be a very interesting event with plenty time for you to ask questions.

Renfrewshire CND On Saturday 8th August at 12 - 1pm, there will be a Peace stall at Paisley Cenotaph in conjunction with the Scottish Peace Network, to call for the UK to comply with the UN Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

Yorkshire CND The Bomb on My Back Sunday 9th August at 1pm

Guest speakers: Joseph Gerson (American Friends Services Committee) speaking about Sumiteru Taniguchi and Senji Yamaguchi, two survivors of the Nagasaki bombing and their lifelong commitment to the anti nuclear cause and Rieko Asato, Japan Council Against A&H Bombs speaking about the 2020 Peace Wave and report on the 2020 World Conference on A& H Bombs. Info and registration: Here <https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/the-bomb-on-my-back-tickets-112688079078>

Soka Gakkai in the UK Robert Harrap (SGI IK) speaking as part of an online event on Saturday 8th August between 10.00am and 12 noon, which also involves hibakusha Kyoko Gibson from Wales: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/hiroshima-peace-day-tickets-113724386702

Fasting A number of people will be sharing in the international fast, mostly at a personal and private level and some will be signing up to the international fast statement that has been a tradition for several years.The UK contact for Scots wanting to join this is marcwmorgan@btinternet.comor phone 07563 725829

6th and 9th August 2020 - Good Days for Global Nuclear Disarmament

While the world reflected on the horror of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki there has been huge encouragement for the cause of disarmament as four new UN states, Ireland, Nigeria, Niue and St. Kitts and Nevis, have ratified or acceded to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). 

Ireland has been a champion of nuclear disarmament since the 60s and was a key player in the adoption of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Along with Austria, it has provided unwavering creative and imaginative advocacy for  the TPNW throughout the last decade and its ratification of that Treaty has been long expected, as well as hugely significant. As a member of the EU it now stand in good counterbalance to the French attachment to weapons of mass destruction, as well as the occasional  mutterings about the Union having its own nuclear weapons. Today's step forward by Ireland is also a boost for those who are working for the end of the treacherous business of “nuclear-sharing”, whereby the air forces of Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany are equipped with US nuclear weapons. Then there is the UK, a recalcitrant nuclear-armed state across the Irish Sea, and a little further north a Scottish government and people who reject nuclear weapons and support the TPNW - and who derive enormous encouragement from Ireland's assertive stance. That stance is unequivocal, as Foreign Minister Simon Coveney put it: “The very existence of nuclear weapons threatens us all. There can be no right hands for the wrong weapons. The only guarantee of protection from nuclear weapons use is their complete elimination.”  There is a simple and remote analogy. Your roof leaks. You put buckets in the loft to collect the water. That's nuclear arms control and certainly helps, but if you don't do the radical thing and mend the roof there is the ever increasing risk that the ceiling is going to come down on your head one of these days. And right now they are actually removing the buckets.

In  speech today at the ICAN webinar Ambassador Samson Iteboje of Nigeria noted that the Covid 19 emergency has alerted the world anew to existential threats, and nuclear war is right up there in the top three. He spoke of the dream of making his entire continent an official Nuclear-Free Zone an aspiration based on the knowledge that even a regional nuclear weapon exchange would mean starvation in Africa.

In a statement today the newly elected President of Niue, Dalton Tagelagi, in which he explained that Niue “has relied on our isolation to protect us.  However, we recognise that no state is immune to the effects of nuclear weapons.” With St. Kitts and Nevis on board the Caribbean is now solidly behind the Treaty.

So now the Treaty has 44 ratifications, meaning that only six more of the  signatory states need to complete their legislative procedures before the Treaty’s entry into force, and more ratifications are apparently in the pipeline. All this in the face of crude pressure from the nuclear-armed states, and the US in particular, to prevent states from joining. If you have any doubt about the efficacy of the TPNW just ask yourself why the nuclear elite are working so hard against it. They know it will bite and make their ongoing criminality more difficult to sustain. Let's put everything we have behind the push.  

 

 

Ideas and Events on the 75th Anniversary of the Nuclear Attacks on Japan in 1945

Commemorating the 75th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

There will be intensive social media activity from next week onwards from across the world. Scottish CND, Scrap Trident and others will be adding a Scottish voice. Please share and repost if you can!

Here's a nice way to spread awareness of the anniversary. Scottish artist Stewart Bremner has drawn a 75th Anniversary frame for use on Facebook. To get it on your Facebook profile, click on your profile, click on update, click on Add Frame, in search put in "SCND 75 Hiroshima Nagasaki". Add it to your Twitter profile picture by visiting: https://twibbon.com/Support/remember-hiroshima-nagasaki

We aim to gather and share photos and ideally videos (in length between 20 and 60 seconds) of events on the 6th August for compiling and sharing out again, probably starting at the SCND meeting on the 9th August. So please send us yours to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Linking to internationals via ICAN. Please ensure that you sign the pledge at the special ICAN anniversary page, rise.icanw.org to honour the Hibakusha, and check out loads of ideas and resources there. In particular, the stories from survivors of the attacks and an ICAN anniversary exhibition which you can download for use in your own locality.

EVENTS - MAINLY SCOTLAND:

Aberdeen CND will host an online event on the 6th August at 7:30pm, including a time of reflection, poems and music, followed by a talk by Rika Hirose, a Japanese national living in Scotland, and ending with a time of silent remembrance. Join this Zoom Meeting at https://zoom.us/j/99010995086?pwd=WmhHWGRyRG9vTjhVRFVtdjBQeVFaQT09 Meeting ID: 990 1099 5086 Password: 721039

Ayrshire CND will be issuing special online messages on the 6th and 9th contact Arthur West This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Cromarty Peace Group will be hosting a commemoration event on the 6th August contact Judith McDonald This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Dunbar There will be a vigil service for Hiroshima and Nagasaki on Sunday 9th August at 2.30pm at the peace pole in the grounds of St. Anne’s Episcopal Church, Westport, Dunbar. To confirm this event call or email David Mumford in the week beginning 3rd August - 01368 840361 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Edinburgh CND is encouraging people to put posters in their windows and will be hosting a Zoom meeting on the 6th August. 6 PM – 7 PM co-hosted by Edinburgh Stop the War with music from Penny Stone and speakers including Tommy Shepherd MP, Maggie Chapman of the Greens and Edinburgh Stop the War Check the Edinburgh CND Facebook page for update. Register for the Zoom meeting at https://us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZcrd-CtrzgqHNabRuFohLhjSSAUUzMBbCek

Edinburgh Peace and Justice Centre will host two events on 6th August.

Origami Peace Cranes workshop with Shoji Masuzawa from 10 to 11am. Via zoom. Please book on eventbrite to receive the link. https://edinburghorigamicranes.eventbrite.co.uk.

And at 7.30pm - The Priest's Tale featuring Michael Mears tells the story of Father Wilhelm, a German Jesuit priest living in Hiroshima at the time of the first atomic bombing. Streamed live from the theatre of London's Sands Film Studio with violin accompaniment by Chihiro Ono. (Free. Any donations will help raise funds for the P & J's peace cranes exhibition). Register to view on vimeo: https://peaceandjustice.org.uk/events/event/the-priests-tale/Both events will be available to view online afterwards.

Edinburgh Yes Hub 31 Lasswade Road, Edinburgh EH16 6TD will be hosting the ICAN 75th anniversary exhibition and will also be hosting a virtual meeting, check the Edinburgh Yes Hub facebook page for details or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Faslane Peace Camp will hold a special vigil at 4 pm on the 6th August at the North Gate of Faslane Naval Base which will not involve any activity liable to lead to arrest. All welcome.

Glasgow CND is asking members and supporters to put signs in windows during the period from 3rd to 9th August. These can be very simple home-made messages such as ‘Hiroshima No More - Scrap Trident’, ‘No More Hiroshimas – Ban Nuclear Weapons’ or ‘Nukes Nae More – Support the TPNW’. There will be a commemoration event at noon on 6th August at the Peace Tree which is in the grounds of the Kelvingrove Museum and Art Gallery, about 100 yards west of the main entrance. There will be strict social distancing. Face masks and hand wash will be available. Meet at the front entrance to the Kelvingrove Museum and Art Gallery. Speakers are Brian Quail, Iona Soper, Dan Haddow, plus poetry from Dove Tails.

Glasgow CND 2 p.m on Sunday 9th August

Courtesy of Aberdeen CND and the Aberdeen Social Centre we are using their Zoom account which is much more secure. It will be the same as using the free version of ZOOM except that you join the meeting room first and the administrator grants you access to the meeting. You need to ask the administrator before you speak and before you can share your screen. If you are using a PC or laptop all you need to do is click on this link :

https://zoom.us/j/93369891504?pwd=ZzNFVGxQVCsxNEQxR1E1NlkwM2k1QT09

The meeting ID is 933 6989 1504

The passcode is 727325.

With David Kelly of Glasgow CND as Chair and our three excellent speakers - Professor Lynn Jamieson, Chair SCND; Eric Chester,Chair of the Scottish Peace Network; and Emma Cockburn, Scottish Campaign Organiser for C.A.A.T - it will be a very interesting event with plenty time for you to ask questions.

Glasgow. Christian CND is proposing to replace a Peace Tree that they gifted to Victoria Park in Glasgow in the 1990s which had sadly been chopped down by accident. They are also launching a new statement on the bombings, and you can find out more here https://christiancnd.org.uk/2020/07/02/statement-on-bombing-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki/

Renfrewshire CND will host a virtual meeting by Zoon on Thursday 6th August at 5pm (instead of usual meeting in the Paisley Peace Garden). To join this meeting email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.   On Saturday 8th August at 12 - 1pm, there will be a Peace stall at Paisley Cenotaph in conjunction with the Scottish Peace Network, to call for the UK to comply with the UN Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.    

Peebles: Tweeddale Peace Group will gather on the north bank of the River Tweed in Peebles at 6pm on August 6th for a silent vigil; at 6.30 we’ll move to Tweed Bridge and drop  rose and flower petals into the river in memory of all those who died 75 years ago in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Please join us with petals (any river and bridge will do).

Stirling CND is inviting people to meet at 7 pm on Thursday 6th August at the Peace Garden, Pullar Memorial Park, Bridge of Allan. Physical Distancing protocols will apply - all welcome. For more info contact Kenneth Wardrop This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for details or visit Stirling CND Facebook page

Scottish CND will host an online event at 7 p.m. on the 9th of August. The focus will be on what we must do now to make the witness of the Hibakusha count in the campaign to eliminate nuclear weapons. Check the SCND Facebook page or Twitter for details on how to join the meeting.

Salisbury CND have made a short and moving film of commemoration - see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBQ07ylZma4

Northern Friends Peace Board Hiroshima Day Meeting for Worship. Aug 6, 2020 15:30 Join Zoom:https://us02web.zoom.us/j/81487446338?pwd=UXBzSjQvd3VHYkh0eERlTHJzY1pNUT09

Meeting ID: 814 8744 6338

Passcode: Sadako

Yorkshire CNDThe Bomb on My Back Sunday 9th August at 1pm

Guest speakers: Joseph Gerson (American Friends Services Committee) speaking about Sumiteru Taniguchi and Senji Yamaguchi, two survivors of the Nagasaki bombing and their lifelong commitment to the anti nuclear cause and Rieko Asato, Japan Council Against A&H Bombs speaking about the 2020 Peace Wave and report on the 2020 World Conference on A& H Bombs. Info and registration: Here

<https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/the-bomb-on-my-back-tickets-112688079078>

Soka Gakkai in the UK Robert Harrap (SGI IK) speaking as part of an online event on Saturday 8th August between 10.00am and 12 noon, which also involves hibakusha Kyoko Gibson from Wales:

 

https://www.eventbrite.com/e/hiroshima-peace-day-tickets-113724386702

Fasting  A number of people will be sharing in the international fast, mostly at a personal and private level and some will be signing up to the international fast statement that has been a tradition for several years.The UK contact for Scots wanting to join this is marcwmorgan@btinternet.comor phone 07563 725829

Black Lives Matter

Black Lives Matter.

It may be the 21st Century but racism still has a firm foothold in our institutions, in the policies and actions of the state, and in our own attitudes and reflexes.

This is another moment when its ugly nature is palpable, and it is a moment to take a side and stand with the oppressed. In the peace movement, we have always recognised that nuclear weapons are not a thing on their own, but are a particular expression of corrupt, patriarchal and racist power.

Their roots are in early 20th century fantasies of a Superweapon that could wipe out inferior races and establish white supremacy forever, a fantasy enacted at Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, on the very clear basis that these were lives that did not matter.

None of the specious gloss of justification since has made an iota of difference to their hideous rationale. This is also a time for us in the anti-nuclear movement to hang our own heads and admit that we have often failed to take the stand and failed to spell out the connections.

It's time to wake up.

SUPPORT:

Support US actions: https://blacklivesmatters.carrd.co/

Coalition for Racial Equality and Rightshttps://www.crer.scot/

Ethnic Minority National Resilience Networkhttps://bemis.org.uk/emnrn/

Justice for Sheku Bayohhttps://www.change.org/p/police-scotland-investigate-the-death-of-sheku-bayoh-in-police-custody

Scots Show Solidarity with US Anti-Nuke Protesters

MSPs among those signing letter to judge.

Scots, including 11 MSPs, have registered their support and solidarity with seven US peace activists as they face the possibility of long prison sentences following a protest at a nuclear weapon submarine base in Georgia.

On April 4th, 2018, seven Catholic Plowshares activists - Carmen Trotta Mark Colville, Clare Grady, Steve Kelly, Martha Hennessy, Elizabeth (Liz) McAlister, Patrick O’Neill - entered King's Bay nuclear weapon submarine base in St. Mary’s, Georgia, USA, carrying hammers and baby bottles of their own blood. They went to make real the prophet Isaiah’s command to “beat swords into plowshares”. They were convicted in October last year on charges of destruction and depredation of government property in excess of $1,000, trespassing, and conspiracy, and could be facing up to 20 years in prison. Sentencing is expected on the 8th, 28th and 29th June.

The letter of support1 asks the sentencing judge to consider the risks to the seven of jail time in the middle of the COVID-19 emergency and points out that they pose no risk to the public. The signing MSPs2 are members of the parliament's Cross-Party Group on Nuclear Disarmament.

Janet Fenton, Vice-Chair of Scotish CND, said:

When the UN adopted the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons on that wonderful day in July 2017 I was privileged to be in the room in new York, sitting with the Plowshares nuns who, along with Liz McAllister had given me hospitality a few years earlier in a US Catholic worker house. Together we had distributed essential food to some of America’s poorest in the morning and helped immigrant children speak Engish in the afternoon, and in the evening we swapped action and arrest stories, Faslane and Y12, Coulport and King's Bay, but the long prison sentences and the stigma that is faced in the US for taking peaceful action requires a very deep and lifelong kind of courage. From Scotland, we can recognise the loving bravery of the seven and we are writing to Judge Wood in hopes of gaining some degree of humanity for them in a brutal and repressive prison system. But fully honouring the courage of the US peace activists requires an and to these weapons end any system that considers them to have utility.”

Contact: Janet Fenton 07795 594573 Lynn Jamieson 07974 631397

 

Alarm as US Considers Resumption of Nuclear Weapon Testing

Scottish anti-nuclear campaigners have reacted with alarm at the news that the US is considering a resumption of the live testing of nuclear weapons as a further sign of the roll-back of global nuclear arms control measures.

Live testing of nuclear weapons by the US ceased in 1992. There were tests by India and Pakistan until 1998. Since then the only live tests have been by North Korea, most recently in 2017. The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty was adopted by the UN in 1996 but has failed to acquire the necessary state ratifications (including that of the US) to enter into force. Since the cessation of live tests the US and the UK have relied on computer modelling. To date, computer modelling has been assumed to be adequate for testing the validity of the weapons, leading to the suggestion that the US announcement is a political move. The announcement adds to concern around the erosion of nuclear arms control measures. 

Lynn Jamieson, chair of Scottish CND said:

"It is chilling to see the hard-won restraints on nuclear weapons being deliberately struck down by the current US administration. Posturing about nuclear testing makes the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty the latest treaty in line for provocative disregard. A new Cold War is too tame a description for their reckless conduct. As COVID-19 and climate change remind us, the world is an interconnected system - any nuclear exchange threatens all life on Earth. The risk of global disaster is so great and so continuous that the only sane response is the total elimination of nuclear weapons. There is a route-map for that - the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons."

Emma Cockburn, SCND's Campaign Worker said:

"While healthcare providers are being pushed to breaking point across the world and hundreds of thousands of people have died due to the pandemic, the nuclear states continue to pour billions into nuclear weapons, increasing global instability and blatantly ignoring the ongoing climate emergency. Our world is on fire and people are drowning and the last thing we should be considering is the threat of nuclear winter and even more poisoned land from testing. It is time we redirected our focus from military power to tackle these threats to humanity and put people and planet first." 

CONTACT: Lynn Jamieson - 0797 4631 397, Emma Cockburn - 0746 0856 568

Nuclear Convoy on Roads during Pandemic Emergency

Scottish CND has learned from Nukewatch UK that the MoD is today transporting nuclear weapons from the Aldermaston/Burghfield complex in Berkshire to the atomic weapon store facility at Coulport on Loch Long, in spite of the COVID-19 crisis.

The MoD routinely moves nuclear warheads (each with the destructive power of eight Hiroshima bombs) to and from Burghfield and Coulport for maintenance and refurbishment. The warheads are stored at Coulport and loaded there onto the US-leased missiles on the Trident submarines. In the road convoy, huge warhead carriers are supported by up to twenty other police and ancillary vehicles, with at least 50 personnel involved. This raises the additional concern about transferring COVID-19 risk to and from the Scottish bases, which are already known to have infection.

Chernobyl Disaster - 26th April 1986

This year, the 26th April 2020 was the 34th anniversary of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, the most disastrous nuclear power plant incident in history, both in terms of costs and casualties. A series of human errors during a safety test led to a power surge, an explosion and a massive radioactive fire which raged on for ten days at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine, then part of the Soviet Union. This explosion led to the one-thousand-tonne concrete roof being blown off the reactor and a plume of radioactive contamination being spread throughout Europe. In the UK, the worst-hit areas were there was rainfall as the Chernobyl plume passed overhead.

Click to read the rest of this article.

Military Stand-Down During COVID-19 Emergency

Scottish CND Backs Calls for Military Stand-down During COVID-19 Emergency

The Scottish Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament has given its backing to the call from many sources, including the UN Secretary-General, for a global ceasefire while the world grapples with the COVID-19 crisis, and supports the call from the Peace Pledge Union for military budgets to be diverted to tackling coronavirus and related problems caused by job losses, poverty, mental ill-health and isolation. 

The Peace Pledge Union initiative follows on the 23rd March statement by the UN Secretary-General who said:

"The fury of the virus illustrates the folly of war. That is why today, I am calling for an immediate global ceasefire in all corners of the world. It is time to put armed conflict on lock-down and focus together on the true fight of our lives."

There is support for a universal truce from many countries, including the UK, France and Germany, as well as human rights groups, charities and the Pope, with the blockage coming mainly from the US and Russia.

Scottish CND Chair Lynn Jamieson said:

"As the extent and gravity of the pandemic become clearer by the day we have to hope that more governments across the world will begin to respond to public pressure and listen to Gutteres and the others who are asking for a step back from war. We are also calling for a step back from preparations for war and for the reallocation of military funding to the socially useful functions we so urgently require. 

In these dangerous times, it is becoming more and more obvious to more and more people that preparing for and making war has nothing to do with keeping us safe but everything to do with squalid profit and macho political posturing. The UK's nuclear weapon submarines are not only utterly malign in their intention and their wastefulness but are also about as useful as a chocolate teapot. 

Unlike that exceptional Christmas Day Truce in 1914 on the Western Front when for a brief interval basic common sense and humanity prevailed, we have much more of a chance to permanently stop the needless squandering of resources and lives. It is vital that this time we do not return to our trenches and let the hideous business-as-usual continue as before."

Close Torness and Block Hunterston Restarts

COVID-19: Call on Office for Nuclear Regulation to Close Torness and Block Hunterston Restarts

In the light of concerns over adequate staffing levels as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, Scottish CND is urging the Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) to order the shutdown of the Torness nuclear generation plant and refuse to allow the restart of reactors 3 and 4 at Hunterston B.

In a letter to the ONR's Chief Inspector Mark Foi, SCND Chair Lynn Jamieson asks what percentage of the workforce is COVID-19 affected and what percentage is self-isolating. She points out that concern is intensified by the news that the Scottish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) is willing to consider COVID-19 a possible reason for overlooking failures to meet regulatory requirements concerning discharges of radioactivity into the environment, as an indication that the regulatory framework as a whole may be prioritising business as usual over public safety.

Lynn Jamieson said:

"We know that Scotland's electricity supply can be maintained without Torness and without restarting the troubled Hunterston reactors. At a time like this why should we gamble with the safety of the whole central belt of Scotland by running reactors known to have serious faults, and operating with critically reduced staffing rosters? Given the gravity of the risks in such operations, along with the pressures of the current crisis, the ONR must take its responsibilities seriously."